Plastic surgery has two main components: reconstructive plastic surgerywhich is all about restoring function and appearance to the human body after illness or accident and aesthetic (often called “cosmetic”)plastic surgery, which is primarily to change the appearance from choice. Unlike most surgical specialties that are defined by an anatomical area, plastic surgery is defined by the surgical techniques that are carried out.
Reconstructive procedures are the mainstay of nearly all plastic surgeons’ work: covering all aspects of wound healing and reconstruction after congenital, acquired and traumatic problems, with aesthetic surgery playing a smaller but important part in their working week.
Plastic surgeons perform reconstructive plastic surgery which restores form and function following illness or trauma. They also perform aesthetic or ‘cosmetic’ surgery which changes appearance or form.
Nature of the work
The work encompasses a wide range of conditions in different parts of the body. Plastic surgeons may work with both children and adults.