Paediatricians are doctors who manage medical conditions affecting infants, children and young people.

Paediatrics can be divided into 4 main areas:

  • General paediatrics - a hospital role covering children from birth to the age of 16. Most paediatricians have this generalist role
  • Neonatology - this role specialises in looking after newly born babies. It is usually based in an intensive care unit looking after premature babies or those with problems at birth
  • Community paediatrics - these doctors are based in the community and look after children with developmental, social or behavioural problems and those with a physical disability
  • Paediatric cardiology - this is a small area which is a specialty in its own right. These doctors diagnose and treat children with cardiac (heart) conditions