Doctors in internal medicine are trained to manage patients presenting with a wide range of acute and long term medical conditions and symptoms.

The work involves:

  • Diagnosing and treating the wide spectrum of medical disorders that present acutely to hospital emergency departments and acute medical units, referring for specialist opinion and care as appropriate.
  • Providing advice and care for patients admitted to hospital under other specialties (e.g. surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology) who have or develop medical problems.
  • Diagnosing and treating the wide spectrum of medical conditions that are referred to medical outpatient clinics. 
  • Managing inpatients and outpatients with co-morbidities, including elderly patients with frailty and dementia.

Common procedures/interventions

These include:

  • Advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Direct current (DC) cardioversion (a procedure to convert an abnormal heart rhythm to a normal heart rhythm)
  • Temporary cardiac pacing
  • Insertion of venous lines (peripheral and central)
  • Aspiration of fluid from chest and abdomen
  • Insertion of drainage catheters into chest and abdomen
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Prescribing of drugs for acute and long term conditions