Doctors in internal medicine are trained to manage patients presenting with a wide range of acute and long term medical conditions and symptoms.
The work involves:
- Diagnosing and treating the wide spectrum of medical disorders that present acutely to hospital emergency departments and acute medical units, referring for specialist opinion and care as appropriate.
- Providing advice and care for patients admitted to hospital under other specialties (e.g. surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology) who have or develop medical problems.
- Diagnosing and treating the wide spectrum of medical conditions that are referred to medical outpatient clinics.
- Managing inpatients and outpatients with co-morbidities, including elderly patients with frailty and dementia.
- Advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Direct current (DC) cardioversion (a procedure to convert an abnormal heart rhythm to a normal heart rhythm)
- Temporary cardiac pacing
- Insertion of venous lines (peripheral and central)
- Aspiration of fluid from chest and abdomen
- Insertion of drainage catheters into chest and abdomen
- Lumbar puncture
- Prescribing of drugs for acute and long term conditions