General surgery:

General surgeons employ a wide range of knowledge and skills to perform surgery, often in emergency situations. There is frequently an emphasis on acute abdominal problems.

Nature of the work:

General surgery encompasses a broad range of surgery which includes:

  • Surgical conditions of the gastrointestinal tract from the oesophagus to the anus
  • Breast conditions
  • Trauma to the abdomen and thorax
  • Certain skin conditions
  • Initial assessment of patients with peripheral vascular disease
  • General surgery of childhood
  • Elective surgery is also an important part of the work

Common procedures/interventions

Laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery (also known as “keyhole surgery”) is now widely used within general surgery. These techniques are also popular with patients as there is less scarring, a shorter recovery time and improved outcomes. Most abdominal operations including bowel tumour removal and hernia repair can now be carried out laparoscopically.  Some general surgeons choose to specialise in laparoscopic surgery.


Sub-specialties within general surgery include:

  • Breast surgery – assessment of breast symptoms, breast cancer surgery and breast reconstructive surgery where a plastic surgeon is not needed
  • Lower gastrointestinal surgery – for the diseases of the colon, rectum and anal canal, and particularly cancer of the bowel
  • Endocrine surgery – for thyroid and other endocrine glands
  • Upper gastrointestinal – this includes the oesophagus, stomach, liver and pancreas and also incorporates weight-loss surgery
  • Transplant surgery – renal (kidney), hepatic (liver) and pancreatic transplantations

Paediatric surgery:

The Department of Paediatric Surgery treats children from day one to eighteen years of age. All the facilities to take care of children needing surgery are available under one roof. A well-experienced team of doctors is available to take round-the-clock care of the children. All types of open and endoscopic procedures are performed in the department. Excellent supportive care in the form of a tertiary care NICU is available for sick and critical neonates, plus a fully equipped paediatric surgical ICU with paediatric ventilators and 7X24 anaesthetist backup. The Department also has a full-fledged training program in M.Ch.


  • Neonatal Surgery
  • Paediatric Urology
  • Laparoscopy/Thoracoscopy
  • Paediatric Chest Surgery
  • Paediatric Cancer Surgery
  • Paediatric Trauma